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What Therapies are Used to Treat Cystic Fibrosis?

What Therapies are Used to Treat Cystic Fibrosis?

Cystic Fibrosis is a disorder that is inherited from both parents. This disorder causes great damage to the lungs, digestive system, and other organs. Although Cystic Fibrosis is not curable, there are many treatments and therapies that can reduce your symptoms and allow you to attend work or school and live a happy, fulfilled life! New treatment options are becoming available allowing individuals to live longer lives. We wanted to highlight some of the most common therapies/treatment options for CF. 

1. Chest Physical Therapy (CPT) 

Airway Clearance Techniques, also known as ACTs, can be done at home with family and friends or there are options where medical devices are used. These techniques can help loosen mucus and reduce inflammation in the lungs, and as a result, make it easier to cough up.  

Some common types include: 

  • Clapping or pounding on the chest and back to loosen the mucus 
  • Air-filled vest that squeezes and releases to loosen the mucus 
  • Laying in certain positions that allow mucus drainage 

2. Positive Expiratory Pressure Therapy (PEP) 

This type of therapy uses a hand-held device to keep the lungs healthy. When blowing out, the device creates resistance, creating pressure in the lungs, loosening the mucus. It is recommended to do this many times throughout the day.  

3. Mucus Thinning Medication 

An inhaler or nebulizer is often used when taking mucus thinning medications. Some common types of medications include Hypertonic Saline, Guaifenesin, Albuterol and Dornase Alfa. 

4. Active Cycle of Breathing Therapy (ACBT) 

This therapy consists of three diverse types of breathing techniques, gentle breathing, deep breathing, and huff coughing. ACBT improves ventilation in the lungs, the effectiveness of coughing and loosens mucus in the lungs.  

Managing Cystic Fibrosis is important, and it’s important to regularly check in with your doctor since CF requires close monitoring and management. Changing lifestyles can also help manage CF, but it is imperative to continue treatment and therapy. Please, feel free to reach out or visit our website if you have any questions.  

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